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Bike Radar advice on how to ride in the snow

Cycling in the snow

We've been snowed under (groan) with requests for advice about riding in the white stuff, so Chris Ford of Cycle Active, our skills Q&A expert, has kitted up and ridden out in sub-zero temperatures to bring you this guide.

Based in England's Lake District, the Cycle Active coaching team are no strangers to riding in snow and ice. They say the secret is to stay light on your bike, be ready for the unpredictable and react quickly to stay in control. Here's some practical advice on how to turn these ideas into a riding reality.

Straight line speed

When you descend in snow you need to be sure your front wheel flies smoothly over the trail, and never digs in or stalls. You also need to know that if the front wheel does drop away from you suddenly it won't pull you forwards.

To make this work in practice you need to stay low on the bike  far lower than you would normally for even a gentle slope  and ensure that you're riding with your hips behind the saddle and your heels down.

Being low gives you a lot of flex in your elbows, so if the front wheel dives you can hold your body position and just let your arms extend. This avoids putting more weight forwards onto the wheel as it goes. With hips back and heels down you can push forwards through your feet and the bottom bracket to generate lift and keep things moving if the front wheel starts to dip.

are you ready to cycle in the snow?

Vision is also incredibly important in the snow and ice.  Look as far ahead as you can down the trail  scanning forwards for anything jutting out or any well worn icy patches where riders have gone before.  Sometimes a well worn grove is a real bonus, but it can become a slippery trench so use virgin powder on the edge of trails for grip and deceleration if you need it.

Turning at speed

Attacking a turn in the snow may not seem like a smart thing to do, but if you get it right it can be fast, exhilarating and leave other riders far behind. The key is to accentuate everything you do in a normal high-speed turn. 

Get lower over the bike so you can absorb unpredictable bumps through the increased flex in arms and legs; drop the outside foot but still with flex in that outside knee, and point your inside knee right into the apex of the turn; look as far round the turn as possible for maximum planning time; crank the bike right over onto the big, grippy knobs that run down the side of the tyres.

Leaning the bike into a snowy turn is really important if you are travelling fast.  Even if the tyres slip out for a second they push a small bank of snow up behind them which can act as a kind of self-styled berm. Practise throwing the bike into a hard turn on a bit of flat ground or a gentle slope covered in snow and feel the bite of the tyres in the powder, it can be surprisingly grippy.

Skid turns and singletrack

Of course, sometimes you don't want too much grip in a turn.  If you're coming into a tight corner and there's not much traction then you can slam on the back brakes, flick your hips as you lay over the bike and drive the back wheel out through the snow and slush.  

You'll see downhillers doing this in the dust of midsummer and its the same technique you just need to get used to the feeling of letting the back wheel break out . It helps if you stay low and loose, but centred over the bike as you lean it hard into the turn.